Offence of High Range PCA in NSW

High Range PCA is a serious offence contrary to section 110(5) Road Transport Act 2013 (NSW) which carries a maximum penalty of 18 months imprisonment and/or fines of up to $3,300.00 for a first offence or 24 months imprisonment and/or fines of up to $5,500.00 for second or subsequent offences. 

According to Criminal Lawyers Parramatta | AMA Legal, “High range prescribed concentration of alcohol” means a concentration of 0.15 grams or more of alcohol in 210 litres of breath or 100 millilitres of blood.

Section 110(5) Road Transport Act 2013 (NSW) creates three separate offences: 

  1. Driving a motor vehicle with a high range PCA, 
  2. Occupying the driving seat of a motor vehicle and attempting to drive the vehicle with a high range PCA, and 
  3. Occupying the seat next to a learner driver with high range PCA while the learner driver is driving the vehicle.  

Division 2, Schedule 3 Road Transport Act 2013 (NSW) empowers Police officers to require a person to submit to a breath test in accordance with the officer’s direction in circumstances 1, 2 or 3 above. 

Criminal Lawyers Parramatta | AMA Legal explain that if a person fails a breath test and depending on the PCA reading and the person’s driver licence type, the Police may arrest the person without a warrant and take them to a Police station for the purposes of carrying out a breath analysis. At the Police station, the Police officer may require the person to submit to a breath analysis. 

If the breath analysis returns a PCA reading of more than 0.15 then the Police will issue the person with a Court attendance notice charging them and issue an immediate licence suspension notice.

The Accused must attend Court on the date nominated on the Court attendance notice and have the matter dealt with according to law. 

Disqualification and interlock periods for high range PCA

If the Local Court convicts the person, then the Court must also disqualify the person’s driving licence and impose an interlock period. The following periods apply: 

Minimum Disqualification period Max Disqualification period Interlock period
High range PCA (first
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Natural Stone for Interior and Exterior Decoration

Natural stone is a material for decorating walls, floors, and even as decoration, which is very beautiful and luxurious and always gives a natural impression to the property. Talking about interior and exterior decoration, natural stone will always be the first idea in the minds of architects because of its splendor and beauty, you can get the best natural stone and can consult with a professional Sukabumi Stone Brazil to make it easier for you to decide on choosing a natural stone that is suitable for your needs. interior and exterior decoration of your property.

Natural stone is often placed on walls. The concept of presenting a natural and luxurious design to a property can be done in various ways, such as adding a pool or garden to the house and so on. If you want to add a pool to your house, natural stone is also the right choice for the pool material.

The natural stone itself also has many types. Some examples of types of natural stone include natural andesite stone, temple stone, marble stone, and so on. Apart from the type of natural stone, when applying natural stone as home accessories several things must be considered. Some main tips for applying Natural Stone Wall designs include:

Pay attention to the size of the stone

Before applying Natural Stone Walls, think about the size, because from this size you determine the beauty and harmony of the wall when installing it. Adjust the size of the stone according to the size of the walls of your house.

Pay attention to the stone installation pattern

After paying attention and determining the size of the Natural Stone Wall, you must determine the stone installation pattern. When determining the installation pattern, of course, you have to pay attention to the size of the stones so that they match the theme you want.

Pay attention to the type of stone

You should pay attention to the types of natural stone walls. Choose the type of stone that suits your theme, or that is suitable as interior or exterior decoration for your property. For … Read more

How Can Wrongful Death Be Proven?

If your family member has died in a car accident and is looking for compensation, you must prove that the other party is responsible for the death. You can look at several things when trying to prove wrongful death. These include causation, duty of care, and damages. You can also take into account the statute of limitations.


If a loved one died due to someone else’s carelessness, you might have a wrongful death case. The surviving family members file this type of lawsuit against the at-fault party. Even though the legal system can be challenging, an experienced lawyer like a wrongful death attorney tampa fl can guide you.

When filing a wrongful death claim, you must prove that the other party’s actions caused your loved one to die. You must also show that they were negligent and contributed to the death.

Wrongful death can be caused by various factors, including medical malpractice, accidents, and workplace injuries. However, the most common cause of an unlawful death is negligence.

You must demonstrate that the negligent party acted irresponsibly and that this led to your loved one’s injuries or demise to establish negligence. It’s important to note that since the evidence must be credible, this kind of claim can be challenging to prove.

Breach of Duty of Care

If someone dies due to another party’s negligence, the defendant may be the target of a wrongful death lawsuit. To win the case, the plaintiff must prove that the wrongdoer’s action caused the wrongful death.

The definition of negligence is “a willful and wanton disregard for the safety of others.” Breach of duty of care refers to an act, not by the legal standards of care. This can result from several circumstances, including recklessness, carelessness, and malicious intent.

A driver owes it to others to keep from hurting them. To perform their duties, drivers abide by traffic laws, obey signs and signals, and take reasonable precautions while on the road.


If someone else’s negligence caused you to lose a loved one, you might be able to file a wrongful death lawsuit. This type Read more

How to Find an Attorney for Car Accidents

If you are the victim of a car accident, there are several things that you can do to make sure that your claims are accepted. One of these is to find an attorney. But you might not know where to begin. You will need to do some research first.

Medical expenses

If you or a loved one were injured in a car accident, you may have medical expenses to pay. These expenses can include physical therapy, medication, and other forms of treatment. Your attorney can help you get the money you need to pay for your injuries.

The costs of medical bills after a car crash can add up fast. Whether you have health insurance or not, you will be responsible for paying these bills.

In order to get the compensation you need, you need to prove that the accident caused your injuries. You may also be able to recover the cost of your lost wages and long-term rehabilitation.

Depending on the extent of your injuries, you may need to miss work or reduce your hours. Your doctor will likely need to perform procedures such as surgery or physical therapy.

Lost earnings

If you are injured in a car accident in New York, you may be eligible to receive lost earnings compensation. The amount of compensation depends on the number of days you missed from work and how long you have been off work. A car accident attorney can help you seek the best possible compensation for your lost wages.

In order to calculate your lost earnings, you will need to provide your employer with your work history and any proof you have of your injury. This can include a medical report, doctor’s note, pay stubs, or an employer’s written statement.

Providing documentation is essential to winning your case. Without proof, your claim will be denied. An experienced lawyer can gather the evidence you need to prove your claim and help you recover your lost earnings.

Loss of consortium

If you or a loved one has been injured in an automobile accident, you may be entitled to compensation Read more

Getting Help From a Pedestrian Accident Lawyer

If you have been injured in a pedestrian accident, you will want to get medical attention and find a good pedestrian accident lawyer to help you. You may be entitled to receive compensation for the physical injuries you sustained and for punitive damages as well.

Find a lawyer with a strong track record

When you find yourself in the unfortunate situation of being injured in a pedestrian accident, it’s important to seek out an experienced California pedestrian accident lawyer to help you get the compensation you deserve. These accidents can be devastating and can even lead to death.

If you are suffering from injuries caused by a pedestrian accident, it is imperative to get the medical care you need to heal. You may also have an opportunity to receive compensation for lost wages and ongoing care. But you don’t want to accept the first settlement offer you receive.

Pedestrians are vulnerable to the negligent actions of drivers, and accidents can be devastating. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) tracks pedestrian crashes across the country. They found that nearly 10 percent of all pedestrian crashes resulted in fatalities.

Fortunately, there are laws in place to protect pedestrians in New York. Those laws include a two-year statute of limitations on filing a lawsuit.

Get medical attention after the accident

If you’re a pedestrian and you’ve been injured in a car accident, you should seek medical attention right away. Getting care soon will prevent serious, even life-threatening, injuries. You can also use the services of an attorney to help you make a claim for compensation.

Pedestrians hit by cars often have to spend thousands of dollars in medical bills. Fortunately, their personal vehicle insurance may cover most of the cost. However, you should be aware that the insurance company may try to argue that you weren’t seriously injured in the crash.

While some injuries take hours to appear, you should get evaluated as quickly as possible. Injuries to your internal organs can be more serious if left untreated.

Pedestrians should also call 911 to report the accident. If you are unable Read more